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Energy of the future

An energy that develops

In the fight against climate change , France, like all signatories of the Kyoto Protocol countries must reduce emissions of greenhouse gases . It is committed to divide by 4 emissions by 2050 .

The Grenelle 1 law has set a target of 23% of energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020 .

These renewable energy, wind energy is one of those on which France relies heavily . It is considered a renewable energy with the best short-term development potential. If in 2009, wind power contributes up to 1.5% of national electricity production, for 2020, it is expected that it contributes up to 10% . It should produce as much electricity as hydro.

 

Energy needed to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions

In France, the electricity supply currently relies on nuclear energy (which, during operation, does not emit CO 2 , the main greenhouse gas responsible for global warming).

In periods when our electricity needs are most important (eg, winter evening during cold weather when to much heat buildings), nuclear power can not satisfy them all . What then are other energies that take over, including hydro, hydro power plants (using the energy of the water) but also fired plants (using fossil fuels ). It is the latter that produce CO 2 by burning fuel oil (derived from petroleum).

wind-turbines17Thus, replace the electrical output of these thermal power stations by production from renewable energy sources would stop using fossil fuels .

If the objectives set by the Grenelle are met, this will prevent the release of 20 million tonnes of CO 2 in 2020 (equivalent to the emissions of CO 2 by about 10 million cars), much of which with wind energy.

It is therefore necessary to use various renewable energies in order to offer energy mix . The advantage of diversifying sources of electricity production is not dependent on a single energy , and thus regulate the best production.

Finally, renewable energy make use of local resources. This allows an energy independence, which is not the case today with the oil and gas that we have to come from other countries.

A planned development on land and at sea

wind-turbineAccording to the plan “Renewable Energy” of the Ministry of Sustainable Development, the objective for 2020 is to install 25,000 MW of wind turbines : 19 000 MW land (including 5074 already installed) and 6000 MW at sea.

If onshore wind continues to grow, offshore wind power (also known as off-shore) is not yet developed in France. An offshore wind farm with a capacity of 105 MW is allowed off Veulettes-sur-Mer (Alabaster Coast), but it is not yet built.
This form of energy is much developed in other European countries such as the UK or Denmark.

But its introduction in France is essential to achieve the goal of using renewable energy set by the Grenelle Environment Forum. According to these objectives, offshore wind power will represent 7% of electricity production from renewable sources by 2020 .
Currently, more than 6,000 MW of offshore wind projects have been identified off the French coast.

Creative energy jobs

Wind energy creates jobs for the manufacture and installation.
To achieve the objectives set by the Grenelle Environment (end of 2012 installed capacity: 11,500 MW), it will install about 1,800 MW on average.
This implies according to studies that wind power could generate 16,000 in 2012 direct jobs(and more than 20,000 indirect jobs if there are), of which approximately 2,150 in the management and maintenance of parks.